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考研英语高频词汇【approval】

考研英语高频词汇approval/əˈpruːv(ə)l/n.认可,批准;赞成,同意短语搭配:give one’s approval to批准;nod one’s approval点头同意;present/submit sth. to sb. for approval把某事提交某人批准考研真题共出现9次真题例句1:In March, the California Attorney General announced the approval of additional regulations under the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) that ensures that consumers will not be confused or misled when seeking to exercise their data privacy rights.(2022年英语二text3P5)

考研英语高频词汇【appreciate】

考研英语高频词汇appreciate/əˈpriːʃieɪt/v.感谢,感激;正确评价;欣赏,赏识考研真题共出现13次真题例句1:As such, it needed to appreciate the economic realities, the social contexts and power relations in which each epoch stood. (2012年英语二新题型P6)真题翻译1:因此,它需要了解每个时代所处的经济现实、社会背景和权力关系。

考研英语高频词汇【appointment】

考研英语高频词汇appointment/əˈpɔɪntmənt/n.约会,预约;任命,选派考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 2009.(2011年英语一text1P1)

考研英语高频词汇【apply】

考研英语高频词汇apply/əˈplaɪ/v.(for)申请,请求;(to)适用,应用,运用短语搭配:apply oneself to致力于;It’s difficult to apply oneself to an uninteresting task.要让自己完成一项无趣的任务是很难的;apply one’s mind to专心于考研真题共出现13次真题例句1:Some might see the proposal as a booby prize for the fact that Britain is no longer able to apply for the much more prestigious title of European capital of culture, a sough-after award bagged by Glasgow in 1990 and Liverpool in 2008. (2020年英语一text1P2)

考研英语高频词汇【appearance】

考研英语高频词汇appearance/əˈpɪrəns/n.出现,出场,露面,外表,外貌,外观短语搭配:in appearance看起来;keep up appearances维持面子;put in an appearance露一下面考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:They should be quick to respond to letters to the editor, lest animal rights misinformation go unchallenged and acquire a deceptive appearance of truth. (2003年text2P4)

考研英语高频词汇【appear】

考研英语高频词汇appear/əˈpɪr/v.出现,显露;出场,问世;来到;好像是,仿佛考研真题共出现14次真题例句1:Since students and parents expect a college degree to lead to a job, it is in the best interest of a school to churn out graduates who are as qualified as possible—or at least appear to be. (2019年英语一text2P6)

考研英语高频词汇【appeal】

考研英语高频词汇appeal/əˈpiːl/v.(to)呼吁,要求;对……有吸引力;申诉,上诉n.恳求,呼吁;兴趣;吸引力;上诉,上诉权考研真题共出现28次真题例句1:Students need   to have that quality or hook   that will appeal to admissions   officers and allow them to   visualize how the student   might come and enrich their   campus community.”(2024年英语一新题型P11)

考研英语高频词汇【apparent】

考研英语高频词汇apparent/əˈpærənt/v.(to)明显的,显而易见的;表面的,貌似的考研真题共出现22次真题例句1:For the rest of the decade she apparently managed both roles without attracting much criticism. (2011年英语二text1P1)真题翻译1:在接下来的十年里,她显然在没有招致太多批评的情况下同时扮演了这两个角色。

考研英语高频词汇【apparatus】

考研英语高频词汇apparatus/ˌæpəˈrætəs/n.器械,设备,仪器,装备考研真题共出现4次真题例句1:It is not that the scales in the one case, and the balance in the other, differ in the principles of their construction or manner of working; but that the latter is a much finer apparatus and of course much more accurate in its measurement than the former.(1993年翻译【72】)

考研英语高频词汇【apartment】

考研英语高频词汇apartment/əˈpɑːrtmənt/n.[英]房间,套间;[美]公寓考研真题共出现7次真题例句1:The researchers mapped not only the city’s vast and ornate ceremonial areas, but also hundreds of simpler apartment complexes where common people lived. (2014年英语一新题型【B】)

考研英语高频词汇【apart】

考研英语高频词汇apart/əˈpɑːrt/ad.撇开;分开,分离;相距,相隔短语搭配:apart from除……之外(=besides);fall apart散开,拆开;set apart存蓄,放在一边;;take apart拆卸开;tear apart撕开,拆散;tell apart区分开考研真题共出现7次真题例句1:Even today, in our industrial life, apart from certain values of industriousness and thrift, the intellectual and emotional reaction of the forms of human association under which the world's work is carried on receives little attention as compared with physical output.(2009年翻译P1)

考研英语高频词汇【anywhere】

考研英语高频词汇anywhere/ˈeniwer/ad.任何地方,无论哪里考研真题共出现10次真题例句1:Our mental health doesn’t really go anywhere; like the sun behind a cloud, it can be temporarily hidden from view, but it is fully capable of being restored in an instant. (2016年英语一翻译【47】)

考研英语高频词汇【anyway】

考研英语高频词汇anyway/ˈeniweɪ/=anyhow ad.无论如何考研真题共出现10次真题例句1:If it’s their vacation home anyway, and it’s just empty, why can't you make money off it?" Horn said. (2023年英语一text2P5)真题翻译1:如果这是他们的度假屋,而且是空的,你为什么不能从中赚钱呢?”角说。

考研英语高频词汇【anything】

考研英语高频词汇anything/ˈeniθɪŋ/pron.无论什么事(物),一切;什么事(物),任何事(物)短语搭配:anything but除……以外任何事(物),根本不考研真题共出现51次真题例句1:Only in this way can we be sure that we are not to have, on the one hand, a band of specialists ignorant of anything outside of their own subject, and on the other hand, an ever increasing number of graduates qualified in subjects for which there is little or no demand in the working world.(1986年翻译P2)

考研英语高频词汇【anyone】

考研英语高频词汇anyone/ˈeniwʌn/=anybody pron.任何人,无论谁考研真题共出现41次真题例句1:Because a patent remains permanently public after it has terminated, the shelves of the library attached to the patent office contain details of literally millions of ideas that are free for anyone to use and, if older than half a century, sometimes even re-patent. (1993年text3P5)

考研英语高频词汇【anybody】

考研英语高频词汇anybody/ˈenibɑːdi/pron.任何人,无论谁;重要人物考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:The ethos welcomes anybody. (2017年英语二text1P3)真题翻译1:这里的风气欢迎任何人。真题例句2:Whether this research translates elsewhere is anybody’s guess.(2021年英语一text2P8)

考研英语高频词汇【anxiety】

考研英语高频词汇anxiety/æŋˈzaɪəti/n.挂念,焦虑,焦急,忧虑;渴望,热望短语搭配:anxiety for knowledge求知的渴望考研真题共出现15次真题例句1:“Women are particularly susceptible to developing depression and anxiety disorders in response to stress compared to men,” according to Dr. Yehuda, chief psychiatrist at New York’s Veteran’s Administration Hospital.(2008年text1P1)

考研英语高频词汇【anticipate】

考研英语高频词汇anticipate/ænˈtɪsɪpeɪt/v.预期,预料,预感,期望考研真题共出现10次真题例句1:In the last decade or so, advances in technology have allowed mass-market labels such as Zara, H&M, and Uniqlo to react to trends more quickly and anticipate demand more precisely. (2013年英语一text1P2)

考研英语高频词汇【answer】

考研英语高频词汇answer/ˈænsər/v.回答,答复,响应;(for)负责,保证;(to)符合,适合n.回答,答复,答案短语搭配:answer back回嘴,顶嘴;in answer to作为对……的回答(反应);answer the purpose适合需要,解决问题;answer to the description符合描绘的情况考研真题共出现104次真题例句1:A recent paper, titled “The Natural Selection of Bad Science”, published on the Royal Society’s open science website, attempts to answer this intriguing and important question. (2019年英语一翻译P2)

考研英语高频词汇【another】

考研英语高频词汇another/əˈnʌðər/pron.另一个a.再一个(或一批)的,另一的考研真题共出现104次真题例句1:Automatic doors often open to the side, with the panels sliding across one another.(2024年英语一完型P3)真题翻译1:自动门通常向侧面打开,门板相互滑动。真题例句2:Another measure could be encouraging friendships between children in    different school years to mirror the supervised mixed-age playgroups in hunter-gatherer   communities.(2024年英语一text2P2)

考研英语高频词汇【annual】

考研英语高频词汇annual /ˈænjuəl/a.一年一次的,每年的n.年刊;年报考研真题共出现22次真题例句1:Even so, that gain adds up to only 11.4 percent, lowest in American annual records except for the Depression years.(1998年text4P3)真题翻译1:即便如此,这一增幅加起来也只有11.4%,是除大萧条时期外美国年度记录中最低的。

考研英语高频词汇【annoy】

考研英语高频词汇annoy/əˈnɔɪ/vt.使烦恼(生气),打扰考研真题共出现8次真题例句1:Here is a troubled business that keeps hiring employees whose attitudes vastly annoy the customers.(2001年text3P7)真题翻译1:这是一家陷入困境的企业,它一直在雇佣态度严重惹恼客户的员工。真题例句2:Then it sponsors lots of symposiums and a credibility project dedicated to wondering why customers are annoyed and fleeing in large numbers. (2001年text3P7)

考研英语高频词汇【announce】

考研英语高频词汇announce/əˈnaʊns/v.宣布,发表,通告;报告……的来到考研真题共出现21次真题例句1:The journal Science is adding an extra round of statistical checks to its peer-review process, editor-in-chief Marcia McNutt announced today. (2015年英语一text3P1)

考研英语高频词汇【claim】

考研英语高频词汇claim  /kleɪm/v.主张,宣称,认领,索要 n.要求;索赔<历年真题考查频次:66次>真题复现1:Next time you state your position, formulate an argument for what you claim and honestly ask yourself whether your argument is any good. (2019年英语一新题型P3)

考研英语高频词汇【animal】

考研英语高频词汇animal/ˈænɪm(ə)l/n.动物a.动物的,野兽的考研真题共出现104次真题例句1:A sacred place of peace, however crude it may be, is a distinctly human need, as opposed to shelter, which is a distinctly animal need.(2013年英语一翻译【74】)

考研英语高频词汇【angry】

考研英语高频词汇angry/ˈæŋɡri/a.愤怒的,生气的;(风雨等)狂暴的考研真题共出现6次真题例句1:Such, then, is the way things stand: on the left angry critics, on the right stupid supporters, and in the middle, as usual, the majority of earnest people trying to get on in life.(2000年text5P3)

考研英语高频词汇【anger】

考研英语高频词汇anger /ˈæŋɡər/n.(愤)怒,气愤v.使发怒,激怒考研真题共出现4次真题例句1:The threat of nationalisation may have been seen off for now, but it will return with a vengeance if the justified anger of passengers is not addressed in short order.(2021年英语一text1P4)

考研英语高频词汇【ancient】

考研英语高频词汇ancient /ˈeɪnʃənt/a.古代的,古老的短语搭配:ancient Rome古罗马;to study ancient history研究古代历史考研真题共出现21次真题例句1:The ancient-dream was finally realized in 1940 when a Russian engineer piloted a strange looking craft of steel tubing with a rotating fan on top.(1987年text1P2)

考研英语高频词汇【ancestor】

考研英语高频词汇ancestor/ˈænsestər/n.祖宗,祖先考研真题共出现8次真题例句1:He notes that each individual has many ancestors-numbering in the hundreds just a few centuries back.(2009年text2P5)真题翻译1:他指出,每个人都有许多祖先,仅仅几个世纪前就有数百人。真题例句2:This DNA can reveal genetic information about only one or two ancestors, even though, for example, just three generations back people also have six other great-grandparents or, four generations back, 14 other great-great-grandparents.(2009年text2P5)

考研英语高频词汇【analyze】

考研英语高频词汇analyze/analyse /ˈænəlaɪz/v.分析,分解考研真题共出现11次真题例句1:he could not analyze carefully what this obscure officer may or may not have contributed to that great struggle between nations or indeed tell us anything much about the man himself.(2022年英语一翻译【48】)

考研英语高频词汇【analysis】

考研英语高频词汇analysis /əˈnæləsɪs/n.分析,分解考研真题共出现16次真题例句1:The centerpiece of the argument of a technology-yes, genius-no advocate was an analysis of Galileo’s role at the start of the scientific revolution.(1994年翻译P3)真题翻译1:“赞成技术,反对天才”支持者争论的核心是对伽利略在科学革命开始时所扮演角色的分析。

考研英语高频词汇【amount】

考研英语高频词汇amount /əˈmaʊnt/n.数量,总额v.(to)合计,总共达,等于考研真题共出现49次真题例句1:Their methods do not attempt to estimate the actual biomass (the amount of living biological matter) of fish species in particular parts of the ocean, but rather changes in that biomass over time.(2006年text3P2)

考研英语高频词汇【among】

考研英语高频词汇among(st) /əˈmʌŋst/prep.在……中间;……之一;在三者或以上(中选择)考研真题共出现93次真题例句1:Obesity has risen among adults and children. (2017年英语二text1P2)真题翻译1:成年人和儿童的肥胖率都有所上升。真题例句2: Among the most popular ways they are doing this, the company said, is by reducing their overall expenses, securing life insurance or maximizing their contributions to retirement accounts. (2022年英语二text2P6)

考研英语高频词汇【amend】

考研英语高频词汇amend /əˈmend/v.修改,修正考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:“Some of us have known for many, many years that the freedoms under the First Amendment are not totally unlimited,” says Luce. (1997年text4P5)真题翻译1:卢斯说:“多年来,我们中的一些人已经知道,第一修正案规定的自由并不是完全无限制的。

考研英语高频词汇【ambitious】

考研英语高频词汇ambitious/æmˈbɪʃəs/a.有雄心的,野心勃勃的考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:For such people and many more perhaps not so exceptional, the proper formulation is, “Succeed at all costs but avoid appearing ambitious.”(2000年text5P2)真题翻译1:对于这样的人,以及更多可能不那么杰出的人,正确的表述是:“不惜一切代价取得成功,但不要显得雄心勃勃。”

考研英语高频词汇【ambition】

考研英语高频词汇ambition/æmˈbɪʃ(ə)n/n.雄心,野心;追求的目标,夙愿考研真题共出现27次真题例句1:For example, grade school graduation, high school graduation and college graduation constitute such a sequence, and while each step implies certain behavioral changes and social recognition, the significance of each depends on the socio-economic status and the educational ambition of the individual. (1991年text2P2)

考研英语高频词汇【ambiguous】

考研英语高频词汇ambiguous/æmˈbɪɡjuəs/a.模棱两可的考研真题共出现9次真题例句1:But in the everyday practice of science, discovery frequently follows an ambiguous and complicated route.  (2012年英语一text3P1)真题翻译1:但在日常的科学实践中,发现常常遵循一条模糊而复杂的路线。

考研英语高频词汇【amaze】

考研英语高频词汇amaze/əˈmeɪz/v.使惊奇,使惊愕,使惊叹考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:But however amazed our descendants may be at how far from Utopia we were, they will look just like us.(2000年text2P3)真题翻译1:但是,无论我们的后代对我们离乌托邦有多远感到多么惊讶,他们看起来都和我们一样。

考研英语高频词汇【amateur】

考研英语高频词汇amateur/ˈæmətər/n.业余活动(爱好)者 a.业余的考研真题共出现16次真题例句1:These new forms were at first mainly written by scholars and performed by amateurs, but in England, as everywhere else in western Europe, the growth of a class of professional actors was threatening to make the drama popular, whether it should be new or old, classical or medieval, literary or farcical. (2018年英语一翻译P1)

考研英语高频词汇【always】

考研英语高频词汇always/ˈɔːlweɪz/ad.永远,始终;总是,一直考研真题共出现97次真题例句1:First of all, he always employed the scientific method of seeking truth from facts. (1980年翻译(1)P2)真题翻译1:首先,他始终采用实事求是的科学方法。真题例句2:  “Sustainability” has become a popular word these days, but to Ted Ning, the concept will always have personal meaning. (2010年英语二翻译P1)

考研英语高频词汇【altogether】

考研英语高频词汇altogether/ˌɔːltəˈɡeðər/ad.完全,全部地;总共;总之考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:Altogether, the US population rose in the 1970s by 23.2 million people -- numerically the third-largest growth ever recorded in a single decade.  (1998年text4P3)

考研英语高频词汇【although】

考研英语高频词汇although/ɔːlˈðoʊ/conj.尽管,虽然,即使考研真题共出现77次真题例句1:How the whole image is then assembled and perceived is still a mystery although it is the subject of current research.  (2020年英语一新题型P5)真题翻译1:尽管这是目前研究的主题,但整个图像是如何组装和感知的仍然是一个谜。

考研英语高频词汇【alternative】

考研英语高频词汇alternative/ɔːlˈtɜːrnətɪv/n.可供选择的事物,替换物,选择对象 a.两者挑一的考研真题共出现16次真题例句1: What Washington does—or doesn’t do—to promote alternative energy may mean less and less at a time of a global shift in thought. (2018年英语二text2P7)

考研英语高频词汇【alternate】

考研英语高频词汇alternate/ˈɔːltərnət/n.代替者;代理人;候补者v.交替,轮流 a.交替的,轮流的;每隔(……天等)的考研真题共出现4次真题例句1:The innovator will search for alternate courses, which may prove easier in the long run and are bound to be more interesting and challenging even if they lead to dead ends.(1994年text5P4)

考研英语高频词汇【alter】

考研英语高频词汇alter/ˈɔːltər/v.改变,变更考研真题共出现10次真题例句1:The key to reforming higher education, concludes Mr. Menand, is to alter the way in which “the producers of knowledge are produced.” (2011年英语一新题型【F】)真题翻译1:Menand先生总结道,改革高等教育的关键在于改变“培养知识生产者”的方式。

考研英语高频词汇【also】

考研英语高频词汇also/ˈɔːlsoʊ/ad.而且(也),此外(还),同样地考研真题共出现257次真题例句1:A large part of evaluation is calling out bad arguments, but we also need to admit good arguments by opponents and to apply the same critical standards to ourselves.  (2019年英语一新题型【B】)

考研英语高频词汇【already】

考研英语高频词汇already /ɔːlˈredi/ad.已,已经考研真题共出现66次真题例句1:Such actions to seek knowledge and to understand what information we already knew were captured by the Latin phrase 'sapere aude ' or ' dare to know'.(2020年英语一翻译【50】)

考研英语高频词汇【alongside】

考研英语高频词汇alongside/əˌlɔːŋˈsaɪd/prep.(along+side)在……旁边,横靠 ad.并存地,在一起地考研真题共出现8次真题例句1:History from below stood alongside biographies of great men.  (2012年英语二新题型P7)真题翻译1:下面的历史与伟人的传记并列。真题例句2:We need progressive policies that shape collective action (and rein in polluting businesses), alongside engaged citizens pushing for change.(2019年英语二text4P8)

考研英语高频词汇【almost】

考研英语高频词汇almost /ˈɔːlmoʊst/ad.几乎,差不多考研真题共出现65次真题例句1:The Romans buried the nails so deep that they would not be discovered     for almost two millenia.(2024年英语一text1P1)真题翻译1:罗马人把钉子埋得很深,直到近两千年才被发现。

考研英语高频词汇【almost】

考研英语高频词汇almost /ˈɔːlmoʊst/ad.几乎,差不多考研真题共出现65次真题例句1:The Romans buried the nails so deep that they would not be discovered     for almost two millenia.(2024年英语一text1P1)真题翻译1:罗马人把钉子埋得很深,直到近两千年才被发现。

考研英语高频词汇【allowance】

考研英语高频词汇allowance/əˈlaʊəns/n.(allow+ance)津贴,补助(费);体谅,考虑;折扣,折价考研真题共出现6次短语搭配:make allowance(s)for考虑到,顾及;体谅,原谅真题例句1:There will now be a seven-day wait for the jobseeker’s allowance.  (2014年英语一text1P2)真题翻译1:现在求职者的津贴将有7天的等待期。

考研英语高频词汇【allow】

考研英语高频词汇allow/əˈlaʊ/v.允许,准许;承认;让……得到考研真题共出现33次短语搭配:allow for考虑到;allow of容许真题例句1:As properties become more airtight, there are also measures to ensure proper airflow, such as having small openings (trickle vents) on windows that allow ventilation when a window is closed. (2023年英语二新题型P13)

考研英语高频词汇【alliance】

考研英语高频词汇alliance/əˈlaɪəns/n.结盟,联盟;联姻考研真题共出现4次短语搭配:in alliance with与……联盟真题例句1:The alliances are most valuable when scientists and artists have a shared stake in a project, are able to jointly design it and can critique each other’s work.  (2022年英语一text3P4)

考研英语高频词汇【all】

考研英语高频词汇all /ɔːl/a.所有的,全部的pron.一切,全部ad.完全,都,十分考研真题共出现445次短语搭配:after all 终于,毕竟;虽然这样;all but 几乎,差一点;除……之外其余都;all out 全力以赴,竭尽全力;all over 遍及,到处;all right 行,可以;顺利,良好;at all 完全,根本,究竟,全然;in all 总共,共计;not at all一点也不

考研英语高频词汇【alive】

考研英语高频词汇alive /əˈlaɪv/a.活着的;活跃的,热闹的考研真题共出现9次短语搭配:be alive to意识到,注意到;be alive with充满,到处是真题例句1:There is another way to commit evolutionary suicide: stay alive, but have fewer children.  (2000年text2P2)真题翻译1:进化自杀还有另一种方式:活着,但少生孩子。

考研英语高频词汇【alike】

考研英语高频词汇alike/əˈlaɪk/a./ad. 相同的(地),相像的(地)考研真题共出现8次真题例句1:Otherwise, academics will continue to think dangerously alike, increasingly detached from the societies which they study, investigate and criticize.(2011年英语一新题型【F】)

考研英语高频词汇【align】

考研英语高频词汇align/əˈlaɪn/v.排整齐;校准;使一致;使结盟考研真题共出现4次真题例句1:College students’ ratings of strawberry jams and college courses aligned better with experts’ opinions when the students weren’t asked to analyze their rationale.  (2021年英语二text4P4)

考研英语高频词汇【alien】

考研英语高频词汇alien /ˈeɪliən/n.外侨;外星人a.外国的;(from)相异的;(to)不相容的考研真题共出现4次真题例句1:The only major objection came from Justice Antonin Scalia, who offered an even more robust defense of state privileges going back to the Alien and Sedition Acts.  (2013年英语一text4P5)

考研英语高频词汇【algorithm】

考研英语高频词汇algorithm /ˈælɡərɪðəm/n.算法,运算法则;计算程序v.使惊恐,惊动,惊吓;向……报警考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:Avoiding dangers posed by all those human drivers would require to many  algorithms,she said. (2024年英语二text3P6)真题翻译1:她说,要避免所有这些人类司机带来的危险,需要很多算法。

考研英语高频词汇【alcohol】

考研英语高频词汇alcohol /ˈælkəhɔːl/n.酒精,乙醇考研真题共出现7次真题例句1:Those things might be social, sporting, creative or completely random (dancing around the living room, anyone?)—it doesn’t matter, so long as they’re enjoyable, and not likely to have negative side effects, such as drinking too much alcohol or going on a wild spending spree if you’re on a tight budget. (2016年英语二新题型P5)

考研英语高频词汇【alarm】

考研英语高频词汇alarm /əˈlɑːrm/n.警报;惊恐,惊慌v.使惊恐,惊动,惊吓;向……报警考研真题共出现9次真题例句1:But where is the evidence to support such alarmist advice?  (2020年英语一完型P2)真题翻译1:但这种危言耸听的建议有什么证据支持呢?真题例句2:This isn't to be alarmist. (2018年英语一text1P3)

考研英语高频词汇【airline】

考研英语高频词汇airline/ˈerlaɪn/n.航线;航空公司考研真题共出现19次真题例句1:Enhanced security measures since then, combined with a rise in airline travel due to the improving economy and low oil prices, have resulted in long waits at major airports such as Chicago's O'Hare International. (2017年英语一text1P3)

考研英语高频词汇【aircraft】

考研英语高频词汇aircraft /ˈerkræft/n.航空器,飞机考研真题共出现7次真题例句1: It excels in military missions, carrying troops, guns and strategic instruments where other aircraft cannot go.  (1987年text1P4)真题翻译1:它擅长执行军事任务,在其他飞机无法到达的地方运送部队、枪支和战略工具。

考研英语高频词汇【aim】

考研英语高频词汇aim /eɪm/v.(at)目的在于,旨在;瞄准,针对n.目标,目的考研真题共出现9次真题例句1:The dual aim was mixed up: The stress on success over taking part was intimidating for newcomers.(2017年英语二text1P3)真题翻译1:双重目标是混淆的:成功的压力超过了参与的压力,这对新手来说是令人生畏的。

考研英语高频词汇【aid】

考研英语高频词汇aid /eɪd/v.援助,救援,帮助n.援助,救护;助手;辅助物,辅助设备短语搭配:in aid of (to)用来帮助,为了……的目的;come to sb.’s aid来帮助某人考研真题共出现8次真题例句1:You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area. (2006年小作文)

考研英语高频词汇【ahead】

考研英语高频词汇ahead /əˈhed/ad.在前,向前,提前,前头短语搭配:ahead of在……前面,先于;ahead of schedule提前;ahead of time提前,提早;go ahead继续干;在前进,有进展考研真题共出现13次真题例句1: Planning ahead should eliminate wastage, but if you have surplus vegetables you'll do a vegetable soup, and all fruits threatening to “go off” will be cooked or juiced.(2013年英语二新题型P4)

考研英语高频词汇【agriculture】

考研英语高频词汇agriculture /ˈæɡrɪkʌltʃər/n.农业考研真题共出现9次真题例句1:The size   or   regularity   of   markets   can   vary   from    season   to   season,depending   on   the   area's agriculture  calendar,and  you  are  likely  to  find  different  produce  on  sale  at  different  times of  the  year.(2024年英语二翻译P2)

考研英语高频词汇【agree】

考研英语高频词汇agree /əˈɡriː/v.(to,with)同意,赞成;一致,适合考研真题共出现23次真题例句1: It is stuck because the euro zone’s dominant powers, France and Germany, agree on the need for greater harmonisation within the euro zone, but disagree about what to harmonise.(2011年英语二text4P3)

考研英语高频词汇【ago】

考研英语高频词汇ago /əˈɡoʊ/ad.以前考研真题共出现24次真题例句1:Yet it is hard to imagine that the merger of a few oil firms today could re-create the same threats to competition that were feared nearly a century ago in the U.S., when the Standard Oil Trust was broken up.  (2001年text4P4)

考研英语高频词汇【aggressive】

考研英语高频词汇aggressive /əˈɡresɪv/v.侵略的,好斗的;敢做敢为的,有进取心的考研真题共出现14次真题例句1:But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism.(1992年text3P4)真题翻译1:但在目前的奥运会组织中,有太多的东西鼓励激进的爱国主义。

考研英语高频词汇【agent】

考研英语高频词汇agent /ˈeɪdʒənt/n.代理商(人),代表;起作用的东西考研真题共出现9次真题例句1:He searched it with no success but was attracted by the site’s “personal search agent.”(2004年text1P1)真题翻译1:他搜索没有成功,但被该网站的“个人搜索代理”吸引了。真题例句2:Search agents reduce the need for repeated visits to the databases.(2004年text1P2)
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考研英语高频词汇【agenda】

考研英语高频词汇agenda /əˈdʒendə/n.议事日程,议程表考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:Such dimensions of reading suggest – as others introduced later in the book will also do – that we bring an implicit (often unacknowledged) agenda to any act of reading. (2015年英语一新题型P5)

考研英语高频词汇【agency】

考研英语高频词汇agency / ˈeɪdʒənsi/n.(代理)处,代办处考研真题共出现12次短语搭配:by/through the agency of sth./sb.由于(或通过)某事物(某人)的作用真题例句1: Instead of having one province -- or a series of hospitals within a province -- negotiate a price for a given drug on the provincial list, the national agency would negotiate on behalf of all provinces.(2005年新题型P5)

考研英语高频词汇【against】

考研英语高频词汇against /əˈɡenst/prep.对(着),逆;反对;违反;靠近,倚在;以……为背景,衬托;对比,和……比考研真题共出现100次短语搭配:against one’s will违反自己的意愿;up against面对,碰到(困难);go against违反(意愿,原则)真题例句1:The commission argued that other agencies would protect against anti-competitive behavior, such as a broadband-providing conglomerate like AT&T favoring its own video-streaming service at the expense of Netflix and Apple TV. (2021年英语一text4P3)

考研英语高频词汇【afterward】

考研英语高频词汇afterward(s)/ˈæftərwərdz/ad.后来,以后考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:It would be interesting to discover how many young people go to university without any clear idea of what they are going to do afterwards.(1986翻译P1)真题翻译1:发现有多少年轻人上大学却不清楚自己以后要做什么,这将是一件有趣的事情。

考研英语高频词汇【after】

考研英语高频词汇after  [ˈæftər]prep.在……以后,在……后面 conj.在……之后 ad.以后,后来考研真题共出现138次短语搭配:after all究竟,毕竟;go after追逐,追求;look after照顾,照看,照管;one after another一个接一个;run after追求,追捕;take after长得像,性格上像真题例句1:In country after country, talk of non-smokers’ right is in the air. (1982年翻译(1)P1)

考研英语高频词汇【afraid】

考研英语高频词汇afraid /əˈfreɪd/a.(of)怕,害怕的;恐怕,担心的考研真题共出现11次真题例句1:More and more governments, afraid their countries will be left behind, want to spread Internet access.(2001年text2P2)真题翻译1:越来越多的政府担心自己的国家会落后,想要普及互联网接入。

考研英语高频词汇【afford】

考研英语高频词汇afford [əˈfɔrd]v.担负得起,买得起,花得起;供给,给予考研真题共出现11次真题例句1: Vanity is a constant; people will only start shopping more sustainably when they can't afford not to. (2013年英语一text1P6)真题翻译1:天气状况如何影响使编队飞行更高效的气流还有待观察。

考研英语高频词汇【afford】

考研英语高频词汇afford [əˈfɔrd]v.担负得起,买得起,花得起;供给,给予考研真题共出现11次真题例句1: Vanity is a constant; people will only start shopping more sustainably when they can't afford not to. (2013年英语一text1P6)真题翻译1:天气状况如何影响使编队飞行更高效的气流还有待观察。

考研政治马原常考37条古句及背后的含义

1.元气是构成世界的本体这句话是古代朴素唯物主义观点。古代朴素唯物主义肯定世界的物质性,并力图从某种具体的实物中寻找世界的本原,如中国古代的五行说,古希腊、罗马关于水、火、气是世界本原的学说。典型句子有:“天地合而万物生,阴阳接而变化起”、“气者,理之依也”、“天地合气,万物自生”、“太虚即气”、“凡可状皆有也;凡有皆象也;凡象皆气也”、“五行之气、天与人相交”、“水是万物的始基”、“原子是世界的共同基础”等。2.道之大原出于天,天不变,道亦不变

考研英语高频词汇【affect】

考研英语高频词汇affect /əˈfekt/v.影响;感动;假装考研真题共出现20次真题例句1:  It remains to be seen how weather conditions affect the air flows that make formation flight more efficient. (2010年英语二新题型P5)真题翻译1:天气状况如何影响使编队飞行更高效的气流还有待观察。

考研英语高频词汇【affair】

考研英语高频词汇affair /əˈfer/n.事,事情,事件考研真题共出现8次短语搭配:state of affairs事态,状况真题例句1:And should one country take upon itself the role of “defending competition” on issues that affect many other nations, as in the U.S. vs. Microsoft case?(2001年text4P5)

考研英语高频词汇【airplane】

考研英语高频词汇airplane /ˈerpleɪn/n.飞机考研真题共出现6次真题例句1: Men serve coffee in offices and meals on airplanes. (1988年翻译P3)真题翻译1:男人在办公室里提供咖啡,在飞机上提供饭菜。真题例句2:Airborne technologies, such as different types of radar and photographic equipment carried by airplanes or spacecraft, allow archaeologists to learn about what lies beneath the ground without digging.  (2014年英语一新题型[E])

考研英语高频词汇【advocate】

考研英语高频词汇advocate /ˈædvəkeɪt/n.拥护者,支持者,提倡者 v.拥护,支持,提倡考研真题共出现27次真题例句1:Those who support the “nurture” theory, that is, they advocate education, are often called behaviorists. (1990年翻译P5)真题翻译1:那些支持“培养”理论的人,也就是提倡教育的人,通常被称为行为主义者。

考研英语高频词汇【advisable】

考研英语高频词汇advisable /ədˈvaɪzəb(ə)l/a.可取的,适当的考研真题共出现4次真题例句1:When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal. (2000年text3P1)

考研英语高频词汇【advice】

考研英语高频词汇advice /ədˈvaɪs/n.劝告,忠告,(医生等的)意见考研真题共出现14次真题例句1:These labels encourage style-conscious consumers to see clothes as disposable—meant to last only a wash or two, although they don't advertise that—and to renew their wardrobe every few weeks. (2000年翻译P1)

考研英语高频词汇【advantage】

考研英语高频词汇advantage /ədˈvæntɪdʒ/n.优点,长处,有利条件;利益,好处考研真题共出现61次短语搭配:gain/have an advantage over胜过,优于;take advantage of利用;to sb.’s advantage对(某人)有利;turn sth. to advantage使发挥作用;take sb. at advantage乘某人不备

考研英语高频词汇【advanced】

考研英语高频词汇advanced /ədˈvænst/a.高级的;先进的;前进的;高深的考研真题共出现16次真题例句1: Earlier this year the country’s Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency announced plans to pay Boeing to investigate formation flight, though the programme has yet to begin. (2010年英语二新题型P6)

考研英语高频词汇【adult】

考研英语高频词汇adult /əˈdʌlt; ˈædʌlt/n.成(年)人a.成年人的,已成熟的考研真题共出现18次真题例句1:The test comes primarily in two forms: the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scales (both come in adult and children’s version). (2007年text2P3)

考研英语高频词汇【adopt】

考研英语高频词汇adopt /əˈdɑːpt/v.采用,采纳;通过;收养考研真题共出现22次真题例句1:While working at PWC, Norbert Wirth wrote an article on Al where he identified that marketers are equally eager and hesitant in adopting AI because synthesizing all these different functions presents them with new challenges. (2023年英语一翻译P2)

考研英语高频词汇【adolescent】

考研英语高频词汇adolescent /ˌædəˈles(ə)nt/n.青少年 a.青春期的,青少年的考研真题共出现5次真题例句1:But as diet and health improved, children and adolescents have, on average, increased in height by about an inch and a half every 20 years, a pattern known as the secular trend in height.(2008年text3P3)

考研英语高频词汇【admission】

考研英语高频词汇admission /ədˈmɪʃ(ə)n/考研真题共出现8次n.允许进入,接纳,收容;承认真题例句1:The casino included a photo of Williams among those of banned gamblers, and wrote to him a “cease admissions” letter. (2006年新题型P4)真题翻译1:赌场将威廉姆斯的照片放在了被禁止的赌徒名单中,并给他写了一封“停止入场”的信。

考研英语高频词汇【admire】

考研英语高频词汇admire /ədˈmaɪər/考研真题共出现10次v.钦佩,羡慕,赞赏真题例句1:Americans flocked to these fairs to admire the new machines and thus to renew their faith in the beneficence of technological advance.(1996年text4P6)真题翻译1:美国人蜂拥到这些博览会来欣赏新机器,从而重新树立他们对技术进步的好处的信念。

考研英语高频词汇【administration】

考研英语高频词汇administration /ədˌmɪnɪˈstreɪʃn/考研真题共出现18次n.管理,经营;行政(机关,部门);政府真题例句1:“Women are particularly susceptible to developing depression and anxiety disorders in response to stress compared to men,” according to Dr. Yehuda, chief psychiatrist at New York’s Veteran’s Administration Hospital. (2008年text1P1)

考研英语高频词汇【adjust】

考研英语高频词汇adjust /əˈdʒʌst/考研真题共出现6次v.调节,调整,校正;适应;整理短语搭配:adjust oneself to使自己适应真题例句1:During the 1840s and 1850s, in the early days of photography, exposure times were notoriously long: the daguerreotype photographic method (producing an image on a silvered copper plate) could take several minutes to complete, resulting in blurred images as sitters shifted position or adjusted their limbs.  (2021年英语一text3P3)

考研英语高频词汇【adequate】

考研英语高频词汇adequate /ˈædɪkwət/考研真题共出现7次a.足够的,充分的,恰当的真题例句1:This is an adequate amount so long as it is aimed in the right direction. (2013年英语一新题型P6)真题翻译1:这是一个足够的数额,只要它的目标是正确的方向。真题例句2:Meanwhile, the theft of information about some 40 million credit-card accounts in America, disclosed on June 17th, overshadowed a hugely important decision a day earlier by America’s Federal Trade Commission (FTC) that puts corporate America on notice that regulators will act if firms fail to provide adequate data security.(2007年text4P5)

考研英语高频词汇【address】

考研英语高频词汇address /əˈdres/考研真题共出现13次n.地址,通讯处,致辞 v.致函,写姓名地址;向……讲话短语搭配:address oneself to着手做(某事),向……讲话;针对……而说真题例句1:A study last year by the National Center for Science Education, a non-profit group of scientists and teachers, looking at how state public schools across the country address climate change in science classes, gave barely half of US states a grade B+ or higher. (2023年英语一text1P5)

考研英语高频词汇【additional】

考研英语高频词汇additional /əˈdɪʃən(ə)l/考研真题共出现21次a.附加的,另外的,额外的真题例句1:In March, the California Attorney General announced the approval of additional regulations under the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) that ensures that consumers will not be confused or misled when seeking to exercise their data privacy rights. (2022年英语二text3P5)

考研英语高频词汇【addition】

考研英语高频词汇addition /əˈdɪʃ(ə)n/考研真题共出现6次n.(增)加,加法;附加的人(物)短语搭配:in addition另外;in addition to除……之外(还)真题例句1: In addition to this, there is the growing mobility of people since World War II. (1995年text3P2)

考研英语高频词汇【addict】

考研英语高频词汇addict /ˈædɪkt/考研真题共出现12次v.使沉迷;使上瘾 n.吸毒成瘾的人;入迷的人真题例句1: Part of the problem is that many homeless adults are addicted to alcohol or drugs. (2006年完型P2)真题翻译1:部分原因是许多无家可归的成年人对酒精或毒品上瘾。真题例句2:Now he is suing the casino, charging that it should have refused his patronage because it knew he was addicted.(2006年新题型P3)

考研英语高频词汇【add】

考研英语高频词汇add /æd/考研真题共出现13次v.(to)加,增加;补充说,又说短语搭配:add fuel to the flame火上浇油;add in加进去;add to增加;add up加起来;add up to合计,总计真题例句1: “While admirable in their intentions, they will add to the cost of housebuilding at a time when many already feel that they are priced out of homeownership,” says Rolande. (2023年英语二新题型P11)

考研英语高频词汇【adapt】

考研英语高频词汇adapt /əˈdæpt/考研真题共出现9次v.(to)(使)适应,适合;改编,改写真题例句1:Do we think we’re slow to adapt to change or that we’re not smart enough to cope with a new challenge?(1995年text2P3)真题翻译1:我们是否认为自己适应变化的速度很慢,或者我们不够聪明,无法应对新的挑战?

考研英语高频词汇【actual】

考研英语高频词汇actual /ˈæktʃuəl/考研真题共出现13次a.实际的,现行的,真实的真题例句1:Scientists are now finding mutual relations between models of solar-weather interactions and the actual climate over many thousands of years, including the last Ice Age.  (1992年text2P7)

考研英语高频词汇【actor】

考研英语高频词汇actor /ˈæktər/考研真题共出现12次n.(男)演员;行动者真题例句1:They frankly dislike the RSC’s actors, them with their long hair and beards and sandals and noisiness.  (2006年text2P2)真题翻译1:坦率地说,他们不喜欢皇家莎士比亚剧团的演员,他们留着长发和胡子,穿着凉鞋,还吵吵嚷嚷。

考研英语高频词汇【activity】

考研英语高频词汇activity /ækˈtɪvəti/考研真题共出现33次n.活动;活性,活力真题例句1:These could emphasise the primacy of human activity in recent climate change and encourage discussion of mitigation measures. (2023年英语一text1P2)真题翻译1:它们可以强调人类活动在近期气候变化中的首要作用,并鼓励讨论缓解措施。

考研英语高频词汇【activate】

考研英语高频词汇activate /ˈæktɪveɪt/考研真题共出现6次v.使活动,起动,刺激真题例句1:Stimulants initially speed up or activate the central nervous system, whereas depressants slow it down.  (1997年text3P3)真题翻译1:兴奋剂最初会加速或激活中枢神经系统,而抑制剂则会减慢中枢神经系统。

考研英语高频词汇【action】

考研英语高频词汇action /ˈækʃ(ə)n/考研真题共出现19次n.行动,行为(过程);诉讼,起诉真题例句1:However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action as the conscious mind.  (2011年英语一翻译P2)真题翻译1:然而,艾伦认为,无意识的头脑产生的行动与有意识的头脑一样多。

2024年考研政治肖秀荣肖老亲自回复!政治大题的答题规范!

01 大题时间如何分配:一道题20分钟就差不多了。控制好节奏,往年也有写高兴了没控制好,最后一道题匆匆忙忙写几句就交卷了。02 政治每一个大题每一问要写多少字:答题纸每道题位置是半张纸,一道题写个版面的三分之二到四分之三就差不多了。03 很多人说答题卡要写满,可是写不满咋办:你只要关键句有,结构清晰,一样是高分。真题参考答案也没有那么多,只不过大部分同学在考场上写不出那么多关键句,也没把握自己答的方向就肯定对,所以会多写一些。04 字小,半面纸的话只能写一半多一点,会不会对最后得分有影响:只要内容正规,字清晰能辨,不影响分数。当然字也别写太小了,阅卷是扫描卷子之后在电脑上判,别人的都比较正常的字体,你这突然来个蝇头小楷,可能多多少少也影响一点判卷的心情。

考研英语高频词汇【act】

考研英语高频词汇act /ækt/考研真题共出现29次v.行动,做事;(on)起作用;表演  n.行为,行动,动作;(一)幕;法令,条例短语搭配:act against违反;act as充当,起……作用;act for代理;act out表演;act up to one’s principles按自己的原则行事;get into the act插手,参与;

考研英语高频词汇【across】

考研英语高频词汇across /əˈkrɔːs/考研真题共出现43次prep.横越,穿过;在……对面,与……交叉ad.横穿,穿过,横断;宽短语搭配:come across碰到(某人或某物);get across惹(某人)不高兴;get sth. across使人理解;put sth. across讲清楚真题例句1:Across the 163 countries measured, the UK is one of the poorest performers in ensuring that economic growth is translated into meaningful improvements for its citizens.  (2017年英语一text3P3)

考研英语高频词汇【acre】

考研英语高频词汇acre /ˈeɪkər/考研真题共出现6次n.英亩真题例句1:On a recent sunny day, 13,000 chickens roam over Larry Brown's 40 windswept acres in Shiner, Texas. (2022年英语二text1P1)真题翻译1:在最近一个阳光明媚的日子里,一万三千只鸡在拉里·布朗位于德克萨斯州夏纳市的40英亩土地上漫步。

考研英语高频词汇【acquisition】

考研英语高频词汇acquisition /ˌækwɪˈzɪʃ(ə)n/考研真题共出现15次n.获得,获得物真题例句1:The world is going through the biggest wave of mergers and acquisitions ever witnessed. (2001年text4P1)真题翻译1:世界正在经历有史以来最大的并购浪潮。真题例句2: This week, it asked the five most valuable US tech companies for information about their many small acquisitions over the past decade.(2023年英语二text3P5)

考研英语高频词汇【acquire】

考研英语高频词汇acquire /əˈkwaɪər/考研真题共出现24次v.取得,获得,学到真题例句1:So disciplines acquire a monopoly not just over the production of knowledge, but also over the production of the producers of knowledge.(2011年英语一新题型[E])真题翻译1:因此,学科不仅垄断了知识的生产,而且垄断了知识生产者的生产。

考研英语高频词汇【acquaintance】

考研英语高频词汇acquaintance /əˈkweɪntəns/考研真题共出现5次n.熟人,相识短语搭配:make acquaintance of 结识真题例句1:For a social epidemic to occur, however, each person so affected, must then influence his or her own acquaintances, who must in turn influence theirs, and so on; and just how many others pay attention to each of these people has little to do with the initial influential. (2010年英语一text3P4)

考研英语高频词汇【acknowledge】

考研英语高频词汇acknowledge /əkˈnɑːlɪdʒ/考研真题共出现17次v.承认;致谢;表示收到真题例句1:These epochal figures represented lives hard to imitate, but to be acknowledged as possessing higher authority than mere mortals.(2012年英语二新题型P5)真题翻译1:这些划时代的人物代表了难以模仿的生活,但被认为拥有比凡人更高的权威。
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